Tuesday, March 29, 2011

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE, BODY PARAGRAPH

29 th MARCH 2011

Today, we had learn about active and passive voice.

VOICE
     The form a verb takes to indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action.

Types of voice:-
*Active Voice
*Passive Voice

ACTIVE VOICE

 Active Voice – indicates that the subject of the verb is acting
The subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in      the active voice.

These examples show that the subject is  doing the verb's action.
         The dog jumped onto the boy.
           The dog (subject) is doing the jumping (verb).
         Kristy will give a book report to the class.
           Kristy (subject) is doing the giving (verb).
         The computer printed my paper.
           The computer (subject) is doing the printing (verb).

REASONS FOR USING ACTIVE VOICE
- Most writers prefer to use active voice because it is more direct.
- The active voice is less awkward and clearly states relationship between subject and      action.
- The active voice sentence pattern propels the reader forward through your writing thus avoiding   weak prose.


PASSIVE VOICE

Passive voice- the subject and object flip-flop. The subject becomes the passive recipient of the action.
The subject is being "acted upon" (or is passive), such sentences are said to be in the passive voice.

These examples show the subject being acted upon by the verb.
         The boy was jumped on by the dog
           Boy (subject) was being jumped on (verb)
         A book report will be given by Kristy to the class.
           Report (subject) will be given (verb).
         My paper was printed by the computer.    
           Paper (subject) was being printed (verb).

 
REASONS FOR USING THE PASSIVE VOICE
- Passive voice is used when the agent (doer of an action) is obvious, unknown, or unnecessary. 
- Passive voice is used when the agent is known, but the speaker/writer does not want to mention it.
-Passive voice is often used when the agent is very general such as people or somebody.
- Passive voice is used when the speaker/writer wants to emphasize a result or emphasize the receiver of the action instead of the performer.


Then, Miss Zu teached us about how to make body paragraph.

BODY PARAGRAPH

Body paragraphs in your essay support the main idea in your thesis statement by breaking it down into smaller ideas subtopics. Ideas in your paragraph should relate with your thesis statement

Most paragraphs contain between five to ten sentences.  The first line of a paragraph is usually indented (begin a few spaces to the right of the margin) to show that there is a new paragraph.


KEY FEATURES

 Body paragraphs should contain some of the following features…
-A topic sentence
-Supporting details
-A concluding sentence
-Unity

Topic Sentences

Every paragraph should have a topic sentence. This is the most important sentence because it expresses the main idea of the paragraph.
A topic sentence contains the topic of the paragraph and controlling idea.

The controlling idea limits the topic to something very specific.

Be Careful!
Make sure that your topic sentence does not contain too many controlling ideas.

Supporting Sentences

Definition
Every paragraph has sentences that relate to the ideas in the topic sentence.  These sentences are called supporting sentences. Look at the supporting sentences on the next page to see how the writer provided more information on the subject in the topic sentence. 

Concluding Sentence

Definition and Purpose
A concluding sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph.  A conclusion can remind the reader of the main points of a paragraph and/or leave the reader with something to think about in relation to the topic.  Look at the next page to see how the writer used a concluding sentence

  It is sometimes helpful to have a concluding expression in your last sentence to signal the end of your paragraph. Some common expressions used in concluding sentences are listed below. 
-In summary
-As a result
-These example show that

UNITY

Definition
 Good paragraphs have unity. That means that each sentence in the paragraph is related to the topic sentence. Unified paragraphs also discuss only one main idea.

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